Ancient ruins serve as reminders of how impressive and advanced the architecture of the early civilizations were. On your next trip, make sure to check out the following:
- Machu Picchu
Sitting on a mountain ridge high up on the Cusco region of Peru, Machu Picchu is a six-hundred-year-old ruin that was the center of the political, military, and administrative government of the Incan empire in the 15th century.
It is home to ancient artifacts like the Inti Watana, a group of ritual stones that point to the sun during the winter solstice, and the Inti Mach’ay, a cave where the Royal Feast of the Sun used to be celebrated.
An important city during the ancient Mesopotamian times, Babylon lies between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates.
Today, remains of the ancient city can be found mostly in Hillah, Iraq. Make sure to visit:
- The Kasr, also known as the Castle or Palace, is located in the center of the archaeological site
- The Homera, a Hellenistic site that consists of numerous artifacts from the Hellenistic era of the old city
- The Babil, a palace built by Nebuchadnezzar
A Buddhist temple complex in Central Java in Indonesia, Borobudur was first constructed in the 8th century and is home to several ancient monuments and temples.
Built from dark grey andesite stone, the landmark is made up of multiple levels where various stupas stand. It also has two museums — the Samudraraksa Museum and Karmawibhanga Museum — that contain historical photos and artifacts.
A temple constructed on the Athenian Acropolis in Greece to honor the goddess Athena, Acropolis is an important Classical Greece structure that was first built in 447 BC. Its foundations are made of solid limestone.
Around the complex, numerous sculptures, smaller temples and shrines, and wall artworks made in honor of Greek gods can be found.
Best described as a large, open-air museum, the Luxor in Egypt is a popular tourist destination that showcases the best architectural works of the ancient Egyptian civilization. It is where one can find the:
- Valley of the Kings, where tombs of Pharaohs and nobles are buried
- Karnak Temple, which is a complex made of decayed pylons, chapels, and temples
- Luxor Temple, home to the mortuary temples of four major Egyptian leaders — Seti I, Hatshepsut, Ramesses II, and Ramesses III